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Kent Panther Lake圖書館設計賞析

2019-06-05    

來源:谷德設計網

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導語: 當前,圖書館是人們日常生活中不可或缺的一項社會基礎設施。作為少數幸存的公共空間之一,圖書館是分享、學習和探索發現的場所。因此,在這個項目中,建筑師將一個曾經被賭場所占據的社區空間,改造成為了一座圖書館,從而回饋社會。

當前,圖書館是人們日常生活中不可或缺的一項社會基礎設施。作為少數幸存的公共空間之一,圖書館是分享、學習和探索發現的場所。因此,在這個項目中,建筑師將一個曾經被賭場所占據的社區空間,改造成為了一座圖書館,從而回饋社會。

Libraries are key parts of the social infrastructure in our society. One of the few remaining public spaces, libraries are places of sharing, learning and discovery. For this project, we were able to turn a casino, which took from the community, into a library; which gives back to the community.

▼圖書館夜景外觀,exterior view of the library at night

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本項目是Capital Bond Measure計劃中的最后一個項目,值得一提的是,在這個計劃中,華盛頓州金縣圖書館系統(King County Library systems)已經新建了17座圖書館、擴建了11座圖書館、并改造翻新了14座圖書館了。而由于這是該計劃中的最后一個項目,因此項目的預算相對緊張,意味著建筑師需要提出一個具有創造性的解決方案。建筑師需要重新利用現有的建筑結構,這有助于此前一直在衰退的城市地區重新恢復活力。Panther Lake是大城市中的一個小型社區,盡管如此,它在地理和文化方面仍然有著自己的與眾不同之處。它坐落于美國華盛頓州的主要城市肯特(Kent)之上的一個高原上,人口組成十分多樣化。該社區希望本項目這座屬于他們自己的圖書館不僅是一個知識的王國,還能給他們帶來一種身份認同感。

This was the last project of the Capital Bond Measure in which King County Library systems opened 17 new libraries, expanded 11 libraries, and renovated 14 libraries. As it was the last project, the budget was tight and creative solutions were needed.?We were able to re-purpose an existing building which contributed to the revitalization of an area that had previously been in decline. Panther Lake is a smaller community that is part of a larger city yet is distinct both geographically and culturally. It sits on a plateau above the main city of Kent and has one of the most diverse populations in the country. The community asked for a library of their own to act not only as a place of knowledge but as focal point for their identity.

▼圖書館夜景外觀,看似封閉,實際上玻璃窗戶和入口為其提供了開放性,night view of the library that seems?closed from the outside but is?opened up by the windows and entrance

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因此,建筑師將本項目打造為了一個看似封閉、實則具有開放性的圖書館,為這個社區帶來了一個明亮的知識綠洲。閱讀區的空間之上遍布著大型的天窗,從而將自然光線悉數引入室內,而周邊的綠植不僅將室內外環境聯系在了一起,更阻擋了來自周圍停車場的窺探的目光。通透的出入口邀請著居民們進入內部空間一探究竟,而圖書館室內經過精心設計的光環境也為學習、聚會和分享等活動提供了空間。在由當地的家具制造商16th Workshop提供的定制型家具、精挑細選的藝術陳列裝飾品和熱情周到的圖書館工作人員的共同努力下,這個圖書館成為了Kent Panther Lake社區中一個真正的共享之家。

We took a building that was closed from the outside by design and opened it up to create a light filled oasis for the community. Large skylights flood the reading area with light while the planters bring the surrounding landscape right up to the windows to shield the view of the surrounding parking. A welcoming entry and custom touches throughout the building have created a place for learning, gathering and sharing. Custom furniture from 16th Workshop, a local furniture maker, an excellent art selection and the fabulous KCLS library staff have made this library a true home for the community of Kent Panther Lake.

▼圖書館入口,玻璃入口為其提供了一定的開放性,the glass entrance of the library that provides the transparency

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主要挑戰 | Key Challenges

在本項目中,建筑師所面臨的最大的挑戰是,如何在這個環境復雜的社區內,將一家賭場的舊址改造為一座圖書館。原有的建筑體量坐落在一個停車場上,作為一個賭場,它已經完全關閉,同時空間的內向性極強。

The biggest challenge was how to turn a former casino into a library for an undeserved community. The building was standing in an island of parking and because it was a casino, it had been entirely closed down and was fully inward focused.

▼圖書館室內,閱讀區的空間之上遍布著大型的天窗,引入自然光線,interior space of the library, large skylights flood the reading area with light

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解決方案 | Solutions

建筑師在建筑體量中增加了許多開放式的窗戶,將周圍的景觀引入室內讀者們的視野之中,從而創造出一種置身于自然環境中的錯覺。此外,建筑師還利用原先的機械通道口來創建新的天窗,將陽光引至建筑內部。

We opened all the windows and brought the landscape up to the glass to create the illusion of the building sitting in nature. We used former mechanical access hatches to create new skylights and allow daylight to penetrate into the building.

▼圖書館室內,利用原先的機械通道口來創建新的天窗,interior view of the library, using?former mechanical access hatches to create new skylights

image.png

▼圖書館室內,窗戶將周圍的景觀引入室內讀者們的視野之中,interior view of the library,?windows?bring the landscape up to the glass

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標簽:圖書館  改造  照明設計  燈光  

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